The incident at Waco began because of a ATF investigation into allegations that the Dividian Branch compound at Waco, Texas, housed a large store of illegal assault and automatic weapons. the "dividian branch cult" believed that their leader, Koresh, was the divine savior described in the bible. he had stockpiled weapons and food in anticipation of the "evil people" coming to kill him and prevent the saving of humanity.
Attorney General Janet Reno made the call to call for a siege of the complex. the siege lasted a full 51 days, on Feb. 28, 1993, at the end of which 76 cultists had died (possibly 82) and 4 atf/fbi agents. the majority of the cultists (including men, women and children) died either due to the fire that resulted somehow in the confusion caused by the large amounts of tear gas pumped into the building by the atf/fbi. it was later found that Koresh had commanded his followers to commit mass suicide, and that the fire may have been caused either by that , or pyrotechnic grenades used by the agents. a mere 9 cultists survived the affair
The ripples of this incident were felt two years to the day from the end of the siege, when Timothy McVeigh, angered by the government's actions, bombed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building (fbi) in Kansas city. 168 people died, and it was the largest terrorist event in us history (I think) until 9/11. Janet Reno (Clinton's attorney general) was accused of making a bad decision on several counts, and this was one of them. another was the Ruby Ridge incident, which was very similar.
I cannot say exactly what longer term impact it has had, merely due to the fact that it happened a mere ten years ago.
On Apr. 19, 1995, a powerful bomb exploded in front of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. The bombing, which until the events of September 11, 2001, was the deadliest terrorist attack in U.S. history, killed 168 people (including 19 children) and wounded more than 500. Within days federal authorities took into custody as suspects Timothy McVeigh and two brothers, Terry and James Nichols.
McVeigh was executed for his terrorist act, and he was confident to the end that he had done the right thing. he was also said to have connections with U.S. right-wing paramilitary groups that hold extremist antigovernment views. Terry Nichols had served in the same U.S. Army unit as McVeigh, and the two had remained in contact following military service. (James Nichols was subsequently freed from custody.) Michael J. Fortier, who testified against both McVeigh and Nichols, received (May 1998) a reduced sentence of 12 years for his role (transporting stolen firearms, the sale of which helped finance the bombing) and for failing to warn authorities of the conspiracy.
I really can't seem to figure out what the long term effects (or short term are) and i believe that u seem to have a grasp on them... sorry, but i can't find any